TurboGrafx-16, fully titled as TurboGrafx-16 Entertainment SuperSystem and known in Japan as the PC Engine (PCエンジン Pī Shī Enjin), is a fourth generation video game console developed by Hudson Soft and NEC. In the United Kingdom, Telegames released a slightly altered version of the US model, known simply as the TurboGrafx, around 1990 in extremely limited quantities. Although there was no full-scale PAL region release of the system, imported PC Engine consoles were largely available in France and Benelux through major retailers thanks to the unlicensed importer Sodipeng (Société de Distribution de la PC Engine, a subsidiary of Guillemot International).

TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine
TurboGrafx16logo.jpgPCEngine Logo.png
TurboGrafx16-Console.png TurboGrafx-16
PC-Engine-Console.png PC Engine
Manufacturer NEC Corporation
Generation Fourth generation
Retail availability JP October 30, 1987
NA August 29, 1989
Discontinued JP December 16, 1994
NA 1995
Units sold 10 million
Media HuCard, CD-ROM (/w CD-ROM² add-on)
CPU 7.16MHz Hudson Soft HuC6280 8-bit processor
Best-selling game Bonk's Adventure
Successor PC-FX (Wikipedia)

The TG-16 is a very small video game console, due primarily to a very efficient three-chip architecture and its use of "HuCards" (known in the US as TurboChips, roughly the size of a credit card) for game storage. The console featured a 16-bit custom video color encoder chip, 16-bit video display controller, and an 8-bit CPU with an integrated custom programmable sound generator. This three chip architecture allowed the TG-16 to have more sprites, a larger pallete, and better sound capabilities compared to its 8-bit competition at launch. However, its very early release in the fourth generation put it into a situation akin to the later Dreamcast: it was better than the third generation hardware, but inferior to its fourth generation competitors. While the TG-16 was comparable to other 16-bit consoles, it had very little RAM, no hardware parallax scrolling (a feature widely used to demonstrate the advantages of the 16bit era), and a single controller port.

The TurboGrafx was the first system to ever have a CD-Rom add-on, known as the TurboGrafx-CD in the US and as the Super CD-ROM² in Japan. In addition to having much more storage space compared to cards or cartridges, the add-on gave the console a much needed increase in RAM. A combination of the console and the CD-Rom addon was later released, known as the TurboDuo in the US and the PC Engine Duo in Japan.

The console initially competed well against the NES and Master System, especially in Japan, where it benefited from better marketing and the success of its CD-Rom add-on. However, the TG-16 was unable to compete against the SNES or the Genesis, reaching fourth place (behind even the NES) in both North America and Japan by 1991.

The TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine was discontinued in 1994 with the arrival of the Japan exclusive PC-FX.

TurboGrafx-16 Global Problems


There are no known global problems with TurboGrafx-16 titles on Dolphin.

Virtual Console Compatibility List (TurboGrafx-16)

Help complete the list!

  • Click the icon   to the right of the rating stars and put just a number 1 through 5 into the page. Use the compatibility guide below as a reference of what rating to use.
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Compatibility Description
  Perfect: No issues at all!
  Playable: Runs well, only minor graphical or audio glitches. Games can be played all the way through
  Starts: Starts, maybe even plays well, but crashes or major graphical/audio glitches
  Intro/Menu: Hangs/crashes somewhere between booting and starting
  Broken: Crashes when booting
  Unknown: Has not been tested yet
Region indicator Region description
AU Australia
CA Canada (NTSC /w French translation)
EU Europe, PAL/SECAM territories
JP Japan and Asia (NTSC-J)
KO Korea
NA North America and NTSC territories
RU Russia
Title Year Region Compatibility
A Ressha de Ikou III 2007 JP 0  
Ai Cho Aniki 2007 JP 0  
Air Zonk aka PC Denjin: Punkic Cyborgs 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Alien Crush 2006 JP/NA/EU 4  
Appare! Gateball 2007 JP 0  
The Atlas: Renaissance Voyager 2008 JP 0  
Battle Lode Runner 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Blazing Lazers 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Benkei Gaiden 2007 JP 0  
Blood Gear 2007 JP 0  
Bloody Wolf aka Narazumono Sentou Butai: Bloody Wolf 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Bomberman '93 2006 NA/EU 4  
Bomberman '94 2008 JP/NA/EU 5  
Bomberman: Panic Bomber 2008 JP 0  
Bonk 3: Bonk's Big Adventure aka PC Genjin 3 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Bonk's Adventure aka PC Genjin: Pithecanthropus Computerus 2006 JP/NA/EU 4  
Bonk's Revenge aka PC Genjin 2 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Bravoman aka Chouzetsu Rinjin: Berabow Man 2007 JP/NA 5  
Break In 2008 JP/NA/EU 4  
Cadash 2008 JP 0  
Castlevania: Rondo of Blood aka Akumajō Dracula X: Chi no Rondo 2009 JP/NA/EU 5  
Champion Wrestler 2009 JP 0  
Chase H.Q. aka Taito Chase H.Q. 2008 JP/NA/EU 5  
Chew Man Fu aka Be Ball 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
China Warrior aka The Kung Fu 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Cho Aniki 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Cratermaze 2007 NA/EU 5  
Darius Plus 2008 JP 0  
Dai Makaimura 2009 JP 0  
Dead Moon aka Dead Moon: Tsuki Sekai no Akumu 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Detana‼ TwinBee 2009 JP/NA/EU 5  
Devil's Crush aka Devil Crash 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Digital Champ: Battle Boxing 2008 JP/NA/EU 5  
Double Dungeons 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Dragon's Curse aka Adventure Island 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Dragon Saber (TurboGrafx-16) 2008 JP 0  
Dragon Slayer: Eiyū Densetsu 2007 JP 0  
Dragon Spirit 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Drop Off aka Drop Rock Hora Hora 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Dungeon Explorer 2006 JP/NA/EU 4  
Dungeon Explorer II 2008 JP 0  
The Dynastic Hero aka Chou Eiyū Densetsu: The Dynastic Hero 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Eikan wa Kimi ni: Kōkō Yakyū Zenkoku Taikai 2008 JP 0  
Fighting Street 2009 JP/NA/EU 4  
Final Blaster 2008 JP 0  
Final Soldier 2008 JP/NA/EU 4  
Fire Pro Wrestling 2nd Bout 2007 JP 0  
Fire Pro Wrestling 3: Legend Bout 2008 JP 0  
Fire Pro Wrestling Combination Tag 2007 JP 0  
Gai Flame 2007 JP 0  
Galaga '90 aka Galaga '88 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Gate of Thunder 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Genpei Tōma Den 2007 JP 0  
Gradius 2007 JP 0  
Gradius II: Gofer's Ambition aka Gradius II: Gofer no Yabou 2008 JP/NA/EU 4  
Image Fight 2007 JP 0  
Image Fight II 2007 JP 0  
J.J. & Jeff 2007 NA/EU 4  
Jaseiken Necromancer 2006 JP 0  
Jigoku Meguri 2008 JP 0  
Kaizou Choujin Shubibinman 2007 JP 0  
Kawa no Nushi Tsuri Shizenha 2007 JP 0  
Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu 2008 JP 0  
Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu II 2009 JP 0  
KiKi KaiKai 2008 JP 0  
L・Dis 2009 JP 0  
Legend of Hero Tonma 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Lords of Thunder aka Winds of Thunder 2008 JP/NA/EU 4  
Makai Hakkenden Shada 2007 JP 0  
Martial Champion 2007 JP 0  
Military Madness aka Nectaris 2006 JP/NA/EU 4  
Mizubaku Daibouken aka Liquid Kids 2008 JP 0  
Monster Lair 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Moto Roader 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Mr. Heli no Daibōken 2008 JP 0  
Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: CD Soccer Hen 2008 JP 0  
Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: PC Bangai Hen 2008 JP 0  
Neo Nectaris 2008 JP 0  
Neutopia 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Neutopia II 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
New Adventure Island aka Takahashi Meijin no Shin Bōken Jima 2006 JP/NA/EU 5  
The NewZealand Story 2008 JP 0  
Ninja Ryūkenden 2009 JP 0  
Ninja Spirit aka Saigo no Nindou: Ninja Spirit 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
The Ninja Warriors 2008 JP 0  
Ordyne 2007 JP/NA 5  
Out Live 2007 JP 0  
Override 2007 JP 0  
Parasol Stars 2008 JP 0  
Power Eleven 2008 JP 0  
Power Golf 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Power League 4 2007 JP 0  
Power Tennis 2007 JP 0  
Psycho Chaser 2008 JP 0  
Psychosis aka Paranoia 2008 JP/NA/EU 5  
R-Type aka R-Type part I aka R-Type part II 2006 JP/NA/EU 5  
Rastan Saga II 2009 JP 0  
Riot Zone aka Crest of Wolf 2008 JP/NA/EU 4  
S.C.I. Special Criminal Investigation 2008 JP 0  
Salamander 2007 JP 0  
Samurai-Ghost aka Genpei Tōma Den: Kannoni 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Seirei Senshi Spriggan 2008 JP 0  
Sengoku Mahjong 2007 JP 0  
Shockman aka Kaizou Choujin Shubibinman 2: Arata Naru Teki 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Silent Debuggers 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
SimEarth: The Living Planet 2009 JP/NA/EU 4  
Soldier Blade 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Space Invaders: Fukkatsu no Hi 2008 JP 0  
Space Invaders: The Original Game 2009 JP 4  
Splatterhouse 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Spriggan mark 2: Re-Terraform Project 2009 JP 0  
Star Parodier 2008 JP/NA/EU 5  
Street Fighter II': Champion Edition aka Street Fighter II Dash: Champion Edition 2009 JP/NA/EU 4  
Super Air Zonk: Rockabilly-Paradise aka CD Denjin: Rockabilly Tengoku 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Super Darius 2008 JP 0  
Super Darius II 2009 JP 0  
Super Star Soldier 2006 JP/NA/EU 5  
Valkyrie no Densetsu 2008 JP 0  
Victory Run 2006 JP/NA/EU 4  
Vigilante 2007 JP/NA/EU 5  
Volfied 2008 JP 0  
Wallaby‼ Usagi no Kuni no Kangaroo Race 2009 JP 0  
Winning Shot 2009 JP 0  
Wonder Momo 2007 JP 0  
World Class Baseball 2007 NA/EU 4  
World Sports Competition aka Power Sports 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Ys: Book I & II aka Ys I・II 2007 JP/NA/EU 4  
Yōkai Dōchūki 2007 JP 0  

See also