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TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine
TurboGrafx16logo.jpgPCEngine Logo.png
TurboGrafx16-Console.png TurboGrafx-16
PC-Engine-Console.png PC Engine
Manufacturer NEC Corporation
Generation Fourth generation
Retail availability JP October 30, 1987
NA August 29, 1989
Discontinued JP December 16, 1994
NA 1995
Units sold 10 million
Media HuCard, CD-ROM (/w CD-ROM² add-on)
CPU 7.16MHz Hudson Soft HuC6280 8-bit processor
Best-selling game Bonk's Adventure
Successor PC-FX

TurboGrafx-16, fully titled as TurboGrafx-16 Entertainment SuperSystem and known in Japan as the PC Engine (PCエンジン Pī Shī Enjin), is a fourth generation video game console developed by Hudson Soft and NEC. In the United Kingdom, Telegames released a slightly altered version of the US model, known simply as the TurboGrafx, around 1990 in extremely limited quantities. Although there was no full-scale PAL region release of the system, imported PC Engine consoles were largely available in France and Benelux through major retailers thanks to the unlicensed importer Sodipeng (Société de Distribution de la PC Engine, a subsidiary of Guillemot International).

The TG-16 is a very small video game console, due primarily to a very efficient three-chip architecture and its use of "HuCards" (known in the US as TurboChips, roughly the size of a credit card) for game storage. The console featured a 16-bit custom video color encoder chip, 16-bit video display controller, and an 8-bit CPU with an integrated custom programmable sound generator. This three chip architecture allowed the TG-16 to have more sprites, a larger pallete, and better sound capabilities compared to its 8-bit competition at launch. However, its very early release in the fourth generation put it into a situation akin to the later Dreamcast: it was better than the third generation hardware, but inferior to its fourth generation competitors. While the TG-16 was comparable to other 16-bit consoles, it had very little RAM, no hardware parallax scrolling (a feature widely used to demonstrate the advantages of the 16bit era), and a single controller port.

The TurboGrafx was the first system to ever have a CD-Rom add-on, known as the TurboGrafx-CD in the US and as the Super CD-ROM² in Japan. In addition to having much more storage space compared to cards or cartridges, the add-on gave the console a much needed increase in RAM. A combination of the console and the CD-Rom addon was later released, known as the TurboDuo in the US and the PC Engine Duo in Japan.

The console initially competed well against the NES and Master System, especially in Japan, where it benefited from better marketing and the success of its CD-Rom add-on. However, the TG-16 was unable to compete against the SNES or the Genesis, reaching fourth place (behind even the NES) in both North America and Japan by 1991.

The TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine was discontinued in 1994 with the arrival of the Japan exclusive PC-FX.

Virtual Console Global Problems (TurboGrafx-16)[edit]

Problems that may occur with any TurboGrafx-16 title on Dolphin are listed below.

Stuttering Video

Titles will skip frames at times while the game runs, most commonly during little action or constantly flickering. Set "Texture Cache Accuracy" to "Position 1 (Safe)" to fix this.

Virtual Console Compatibility List (TurboGrafx-16)[edit]

Help complete the list!

  • Click the icon Note.svg.png to the right of the rating stars and put just a number 1 through 5 into the page. Use the compatibility guide below as a reference of what rating to use.
  • When updating a rating, please make sure it's in accordance with the list of problems in the title's page.
Compatibility Description
Stars5.png Perfect: No issues at all!
Stars4.png Playable: Runs well, only minor graphical or audio glitches. Games can be played all the way through
Stars3.png Starts: Starts, maybe even plays well, but crashes or major graphical/audio glitches
Stars2.png Intro/Menu: Hangs/crashes somewhere between booting and starting
Stars1.png Broken: Crashes when booting
Stars0.png Unknown: Has not been tested yet
Region indicator Region description
AU Australia
CA Canada (NTSC /w French translation)
EU Europe, PAL/SECAM territories
JP Japan and Asia (NTSC-J)
KO Korea
NA North America and NTSC territories
RU Russia
Title Year Region Compatibility
A Ressha de Ikou III 2007 JP Template:Ratings/A Ressha de Ikou IIIUnknownEdit rating: A Ressha de Ikou III
Ai Cho Aniki 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Ai Cho AnikiUnknownEdit rating: Ai Cho Aniki
Air Zonk aka PC Denjin: Punkic Cyborgs 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Air Zonk
Alien Crush 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Alien Crush
Appare! Gate Ball 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Appare! Gate BallUnknownEdit rating: Appare! Gate Ball
The Atlas: Renaissance Voyager 2008 JP Template:Ratings/The Atlas: Renaissance VoyagerUnknownEdit rating: The Atlas: Renaissance Voyager
Battle Lode Runner 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Battle Lode Runner
Blazing Lazers 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Blazing Lazers
Benkei Gaiden 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Benkei GaidenUnknownEdit rating: Benkei Gaiden
Blood Gear 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Blood GearUnknownEdit rating: Blood Gear
Bloody Wolf aka Narazumono Sentou Butai: Bloody Wolf 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Bloody Wolf
Bomberman '93 2006 NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Bomberman '93
Bomberman '94 2008 JP/NA/EU 5PerfectEdit rating: Bomberman '94
Bomberman: Panic Bomber 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Bomberman: Panic BomberUnknownEdit rating: Bomberman: Panic Bomber
Bonk 3: Bonk's Big Adventure aka PC Genjin 3 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Bonk 3: Bonk's Big Adventure
Bonk's Adventure aka PC Genjin: Pithecanthropus Computerus 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Bonk's Adventure
Bonk's Revenge aka PC Genjin 2 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Bonk's Revenge
Bravoman aka Chouzetsu Rinjin: Berabow Man 2007 JP/NA 4PlayableEdit rating: Bravoman
Break In 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Break In
Cadash 2008 JP 0UnknownEdit rating: Cadash
Castlevania: Rondo of Blood aka Akumajō Dracula X: Chi no Rondo 2009 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Castlevania: Rondo of Blood
Champion Wrestler 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Champion WrestlerUnknownEdit rating: Champion Wrestler
Chase H.Q. aka Taito Chase H.Q. 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Chase H.Q.
Chew Man Fu aka Be Ball 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Chew Man Fu
China Warrior aka The Kung Fu 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: China Warrior
Cho Aniki 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Cho Aniki
Cratermaze 2007 NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Cratermaze
Dai Makaimura 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Dai Makaimura (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Dai Makaimura (TurboGrafx-16)
Dead Moon aka Dead Moon: Tsuki Sekai no Akumu 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Dead Moon
Detana‼ TwinBee 2009 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Detana‼ TwinBee
Devil's Crush aka Devil Crash 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Devil's Crush
Digital Champ: Battle Boxing 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Digital Champ: Battle Boxing
Double Dungeons 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Double Dungeons
Dragon's Curse aka Adventure Island 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Dragon's Curse (TurboGrafx-16)
Dragon Saber (TurboGrafx-16) 2008 JP 0UnknownEdit rating: Dragon Saber (TurboGrafx-16)
Dragon Slayer: Eiyū Densetsu 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Dragon Slayer: Eiyū Densetsu (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Dragon Slayer: Eiyū Densetsu (TurboGrafx-16)
Dragon Spirit 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Dragon Spirit (TurboGrafx-16)
Drop Off aka Drop Rock Hora Hora 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Drop Off
Dungeon Explorer 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Dungeon Explorer
Dungeon Explorer II 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Dungeon Explorer IIUnknownEdit rating: Dungeon Explorer II
The Dynastic Hero aka Chou Eiyū Densetsu: The Dynastic Hero 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: The Dynastic Hero
Eikan wa Kimi ni: Kōkō Yakyū Zenkoku Taikai 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Eikan wa Kimi ni: Kōkō Yakyū Zenkoku TaikaiUnknownEdit rating: Eikan wa Kimi ni: Kōkō Yakyū Zenkoku Taikai
Fighting Street 2009 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Fighting Street
Final Blaster 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Final BlasterUnknownEdit rating: Final Blaster
Final Soldier 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Final Soldier
Fire Pro Wrestling 2nd Bout 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Fire Pro Wrestling 2nd BoutUnknownEdit rating: Fire Pro Wrestling 2nd Bout
Fire Pro Wrestling 3: Legend Bout 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Fire Pro Wrestling 3: Legend BoutUnknownEdit rating: Fire Pro Wrestling 3: Legend Bout
Fire Pro Wrestling Combination Tag 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Fire Pro Wrestling Combination TagUnknownEdit rating: Fire Pro Wrestling Combination Tag
Gai Flame 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Gai FlameUnknownEdit rating: Gai Flame
Galaga '90 aka Galaga '88 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Galaga '90
Gate of Thunder 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Gate of Thunder
Genpei Tōma Den 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Genpei Tōma Den (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Genpei Tōma Den (TurboGrafx-16)
Gradius 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Gradius (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Gradius (TurboGrafx-16)
Gradius II: Gofer's Ambition aka Gradius II: Gofer no Yabou 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Gradius II: Gofer's Ambition (TurboGrafx-16)
Image Fight 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Image FightUnknownEdit rating: Image Fight
Image Fight II 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Image Fight IIUnknownEdit rating: Image Fight II
J.J. & Jeff 2007 NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: J.J. & Jeff
Jaseiken Necromancer 2006 JP Template:Ratings/Jaseiken NecromancerUnknownEdit rating: Jaseiken Necromancer
Jigoku Meguri 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Jigoku MeguriUnknownEdit rating: Jigoku Meguri
Kaizou Choujin Shubibinman 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Kaizou Choujin ShubibinmanUnknownEdit rating: Kaizou Choujin Shubibinman
Kawa no Nushi Tsuri Shizenha 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Kawa no Nushi Tsuri ShizenhaUnknownEdit rating: Kawa no Nushi Tsuri Shizenha
Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Kaze no Densetsu XanaduUnknownEdit rating: Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu
Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu II 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu IIUnknownEdit rating: Kaze no Densetsu Xanadu II
KiKi KaiKai 2008 JP Template:Ratings/KiKi KaiKaiUnknownEdit rating: KiKi KaiKai
L・Dis 2009 JP Template:Ratings/L・DisUnknownEdit rating: L・Dis
Legend of Hero Tonma 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Legend of Hero Tonma
Lords of Thunder aka Winds of Thunder 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Lords of Thunder
Makai Hakkenden Shada 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Makai Hakkenden ShadaUnknownEdit rating: Makai Hakkenden Shada
Martial Champion 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Martial ChampionUnknownEdit rating: Martial Champion
Military Madness aka Nectaris 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Military Madness
Monster Lair 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Monster Lair
Moto Roader 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Moto Roader
Mr. Heli no Daibōken 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Mr. Heli no DaibōkenUnknownEdit rating: Mr. Heli no Daibōken
Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: CD Soccer Hen 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: CD Soccer HenUnknownEdit rating: Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: CD Soccer Hen
Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: PC Bangai Hen 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: PC Bangai HenUnknownEdit rating: Nekketsu Kōkō Dodgeball Bu: PC Bangai Hen
Neo Nectaris 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Neo NectarisUnknownEdit rating: Neo Nectaris
Neutopia 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Neutopia
Neutopia II 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Neutopia II
New Adventure Island aka Takahashi Meijin no Shin Bōken Jima 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: New Adventure Island
The NewZealand Story 2008 JP Template:Ratings/The NewZealand StoryUnknownEdit rating: The NewZealand Story
Ninja Ryūkenden 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Ninja RyūkendenUnknownEdit rating: Ninja Ryūkenden
Ninja Spirit aka Saigo no Nindou: Ninja Spirit 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Ninja Spirit
The Ninja Warriors 2008 JP Template:Ratings/The Ninja WarriorsUnknownEdit rating: The Ninja Warriors
Ordyne 2007 JP/NA 4PlayableEdit rating: Ordyne (TurboGrafx-16)
Out Live 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Out LiveUnknownEdit rating: Out Live
Override 2007 JP Template:Ratings/OverrideUnknownEdit rating: Override
Parasol Stars 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Parasol StarsUnknownEdit rating: Parasol Stars
Power Eleven 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Power ElevenUnknownEdit rating: Power Eleven
Power Golf 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Power Golf
Power League 4 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Power League 4UnknownEdit rating: Power League 4
Power Tennis 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Power TennisUnknownEdit rating: Power Tennis
Psycho Chaser 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Psycho ChaserUnknownEdit rating: Psycho Chaser
Psychosis aka Paranoia 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Psychosis
R-Type aka R-Type part I aka R-Type part II 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: R-Type (TurboGrafx-16)
Rastan Saga II 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Rastan Saga IIUnknownEdit rating: Rastan Saga II
Riot Zone aka Crest of Wolf 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Riot Zone
S.C.I. Special Criminal Investigation 2008 JP Template:Ratings/S.C.I. Special Criminal InvestigationUnknownEdit rating: S.C.I. Special Criminal Investigation
Salamander 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Salamander (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Salamander (TurboGrafx-16)
Samurai-Ghost aka Genpei Tōma Den: Kannoni 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Samurai-Ghost
Seirei Senshi Spriggan 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Seirei Senshi SprigganUnknownEdit rating: Seirei Senshi Spriggan
Sengoku Mahjong 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Sengoku MahjongUnknownEdit rating: Sengoku Mahjong
Shockman aka Kaizou Choujin Shubibinman 2: Arata Naru Teki 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Shockman
Silent Debuggers 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Silent Debuggers
SimEarth: The Living Planet 2009 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: SimEarth: The Living Planet
Soldier Blade 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Soldier Blade
Space Invaders: Fukkatsu no Hi 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Space Invaders: Fukkatsu no HiUnknownEdit rating: Space Invaders: Fukkatsu no Hi
Space Invaders: The Original Game 2009 JP 4PlayableEdit rating: Space Invaders: The Original Game (TurboGrafx-16)
Splatterhouse 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Splatterhouse
Spriggan mark 2: Re-Terraform Project 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Spriggan mark 2: Re-Terraform ProjectUnknownEdit rating: Spriggan mark 2: Re-Terraform Project
Star Parodier 2008 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Star Parodier
Street Fighter II': Champion Edition aka Street Fighter II Dash: Champion Edition 2009 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Street Fighter II': Champion Edition
Super Air Zonk: Rockabilly-Paradise aka CD Denjin: Rockabilly Tengoku 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Super Air Zonk: Rockabilly-Paradise
Super Darius 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Super DariusUnknownEdit rating: Super Darius
Super Darius II 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Super Darius IIUnknownEdit rating: Super Darius II
Super Star Soldier 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Super Star Soldier
Valkyrie no Densetsu 2008 JP Template:Ratings/Valkyrie no Densetsu (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Valkyrie no Densetsu (TurboGrafx-16)
Victory Run 2006 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Victory Run
Vigilante 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Vigilante
Volfied 2008 JP Template:Ratings/VolfiedUnknownEdit rating: Volfied
Wallaby‼ Usagi no Kuni no Kangaroo Race 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Wallaby‼ Usagi no Kuni no Kangaroo RaceUnknownEdit rating: Wallaby‼ Usagi no Kuni no Kangaroo Race
Winning Shot 2009 JP Template:Ratings/Winning ShotUnknownEdit rating: Winning Shot
Wonder Momo 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Wonder Momo (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Wonder Momo (TurboGrafx-16)
World Class Baseball 2007 NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: World Class Baseball
World Sports Competition aka Power Sports 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: World Sports Competition
Ys: Book I & II aka Ys I・II 2007 JP/NA/EU 4PlayableEdit rating: Ys: Book I & II
Yōkai Dōchūki 2007 JP Template:Ratings/Yōkai Dōchūki (TurboGrafx-16)UnknownEdit rating: Yōkai Dōchūki (TurboGrafx-16)

See also[edit]